It is not only eyesight that suffers. It is important to remember that the impact of myopia is a very personal and can potentially affect an individual’s quality of life. Higher degrees of myopia can not only be visually disabling, but also have financial, social and personal consequences.11
If a child has been diagnosed with myopia, it is vital that parents not only discuss how to correct their short-sightedness with their Optometrist, but also what management options are available to slow progression of myopia, and which will best suit the child and their lifestyle.
Slowing the progression of myopia is important to reduce the potential risk of developing high myopia and its associated conditions later in life.12 This is of significant concern given that high myopia is also associated with comorbidities including retinal detachment, glaucoma, cataracts and myopic macular degeneration. The risk of developing any of these conditions increases along with any increase in myopia.13
11 Rose K, Harper R, Tromans C et al. Quality of life in myopia. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2000; 84:1031-1034
12 Sankaridurg PR, Holdent BA. Practical applications to modify and control the development of ametropia. Eye 2014; 28: 134-141
13 Holden B; Fricke T; Wilson D; Jong M; Naidoo K; Sankaridurg P; Wong T; Naduvilath T; Resnikoff S. Global prevalence of myopia and high myopia and temporal trends from 2000 through 2050. American Academy of Ophthalmology 2016